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CPU Core Details

CPU Codename Haswell Sandy Bridge
MoBo Socket LGA 1150 LGA 1155/Socket H2
Notebook CPU no no
Release Date 14 May 2014 02 Sep 2012
CPU Link GD Link GD Link
Approved

CPU Technical Specifications

{
CPU Cores 4 2
CPU Threads 4 2
Clock Speed 2 GHz 2.2 GHz
Turbo Frequency 3GHz -
Max TDP 35 W 35 W
Lithography 22 nm 32 nm
Bit Width 64 Bit 64 Bit
Max Temperature 100°C 65°C
Virtualization Technology no yes

CPU Cache and Memory

L1 Cache Size 256 KB 128 KB
L2 Cache Size 1024 KB 512 KB
L2 Cache Speed - -
L3 Cache Size 6 MB 2 MB
Memory Types DDR3-1066
Max Memory Size 32 GB 32 GB
Max Memory Bandwidth - 17 GB/s
Memory Channels 2 2
ECC Memory Support no no

CPU Graphics

Integrated Graphics no no
Base GPU Frequency - -
Max GPU Frequency - -
DirectX - -
Displays Supported - 2

CPU Mini Review

Mini Review Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz is a super energy efficient CPU based on the 22nm, Haswell architecture. <br/> <br/> It offers 4 Physical Cores (4 Logical), initially clocked at 2.0GHz, which may go up to 3.0GHz and 6MB of L3 Cache. <br/> Among its many features, <b>Turbo Boost and Virtualization</b> are activated. <br/> <br/> The processor integrates powerful Graphics called <b>Intel HD Graphics 4600</b>, with 20 Execution Units, initially clocked at 350MHz and that go up to 1150MHz, in Turbo Mode which share the L2 Cache and system RAM with the processor. <br/> Both the processor and integrated graphics have a rated board TDP of 65W. <br/> <br/> Its performance is very good and sufficient for extreme gaming. Sandy Bridge is the codename for a microarchitecture developed by Intel beginning in 2005 for central processing units in computers to replace the Nehalem microarchitecture. Intel demonstrated a Sandy Bridge processor in 2009, and released first products based on the architecture in January 2011 under the Core brand.

Gaming Performance Comparison

In terms of overall gaming performance, the Intel Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz is massively better than the Intel Celeron G550T 2.2GHz when it comes to running the latest games. This also means it will be less likely to bottleneck more powerful GPUs, allowing them to achieve more of their gaming performance potential.

Both the Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz and the Celeron G550T 2.2GHz were released at the same time, so are likely to be quite similar.

The 4 has 2 more cores than the Celeron G550T 2.2GHz. { With 4 cores, the 4 is much less likely to struggle with the latest games, or bottleneck high-end graphics cards when running them.

The Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz has 2 more threads than the Celeron G550T 2.2GHz. Both CPUs have one thread per physical core.

Multiple threads are useful for improving the performance of multi-threaded applications. Additional cores and their accompanying thread will always be beneficial for multi-threaded applications. Hyperthreading will be beneficial for applications optimized for it, but it may slow others down. For games, the number of threads is largely irrelevant, as long as you have at least 2 cores (preferably 4), and hyperthreading can sometimes even hit performance.

More important for gaming than the number of cores and threads is the clock rate. Problematically, unless the two CPUs are from the same family, this can only serve as a general guide and nothing like an exact comparison, because the clock cycles per instruction (CPI) will vary so much.

The Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz and Celeron G550T 2.2GHz are not from the same family of CPUs, so their clock speeds are by no means directly comparable. Bear in mind, then, that while the Celeron G550T 2.2GHz has a 0.2 GHz faster frequency, this is not always an indicator that it will be superior in performance, despite frequency being crucial when trying to avoid GPU bottlenecking. As such, we need to look elsewhere for more reliable comparisons.

Aside from the clock rate, the next-most important CPU features for PC game performance are L2 and L3 cache size. Faster than RAM, the more cache available, the more data that can be stored for lightning-fast retrieval. L1 Cache is not usually an issue anymore for gaming, with most high-end CPUs eking out about the same L1 performance, and L2 is more important than L3 - but L3 is still important if you want to reach the highest levels of performance. Bear in mind that although it is better to have a larger cache, the larger it is, the higher the latency, so a balance has to be struck.

The <span class='gpu1Mention'>Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz</span> has a 512 KB bigger L2 cache than the <span class='gpu2Mention'>Celeron G550T 2.2GHz</span>, which means that it, at worst, wins out in this area, and at best, will provide superior gaming performance and will work much better with high-end graphics cards.

The maximum Thermal Design Power is the power in Watts that the CPU will consume in the worst case scenario. The lithography is the semiconductor manufacturing technology being used to create the CPU - the smaller this is, the more transistors that can be fit into the CPU, and the closer the connections. For both the lithography and the TDP, it is the lower the better, because a lower number means a lower amount of power is necessary to run the CPU, and consequently a lower amount of heat is produced.

Both the Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz and the Celeron G550T 2.2GHz have the same TDP of 35 Watts, but the Core i5-4590T 2.0GHz has a lower lithography size, and so will affect your yearly electricity bills less adversely.