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Gaming Performance Comparison

Recommended System Requirements
Game Ryzen R5 1600 APU A10-7890K Quad-Core
Cyberpunk 2077 29% 36%
Assassins Creed: Valhalla 4% 84%
Call of Duty: Black Ops Cold War 7% 78%
Genshin Impact 46% 3%
eFootball PES 2021 23% 47%
Mafia: Definitive Edition 23% 47%
Watch Dogs Legion 4% 84%
FIFA 21 33% 28%
Marvel's Avengers 7% 78%
Microsoft Flight Simulator 19% 55%

In terms of overall gaming performance, the AMD Ryzen R5 1600 is massively better than the AMD APU A10-7890K Quad-Core when it comes to running the latest games. This also means it will be less likely to bottleneck more powerful GPUs, allowing them to achieve more of their gaming performance potential.

The Ryzen R5 1600 was released over a year more recently than the APU A10-7890K Quad-Core, and so the Ryzen R5 1600 is likely to have better levels of support, and will be more optimized for running the latest games.

Both CPUs exhibit very powerful performance, so it probably isn't worth upgrading from one to the other, as both are capable of running even the most demanding games at the highest settings (assuming they are accompanied by equivalently powerful GPUs).

The Ryzen R5 1600 has 2 more cores than the APU A10-7890K Quad-Core. 6 cores is probably excessive if you mean to just run the latest games, as games are not yet able to harness this many cores. The cores in the APU A10-7890K Quad-Core is more than enough for gaming purposes.

The Ryzen R5 1600 has 8 more threads than the APU A10-7890K Quad-Core. The APU A10-7890K Quad-Core has one thread per physical core, whereas the Ryzen R5 1600 uses hyperthreading and has 2 logical threads per physical core.

Multiple threads are useful for improving the performance of multi-threaded applications. Additional cores and their accompanying thread will always be beneficial for multi-threaded applications. Hyperthreading will be beneficial for applications optimized for it, but it may slow others down. For games, the number of threads is largely irrelevant, as long as you have at least 2 cores (preferably 4), and hyperthreading can sometimes even hit performance.

More important for gaming than the number of cores and threads is the clock rate. Problematically, unless the two CPUs are from the same family, this can only serve as a general guide and nothing like an exact comparison, because the clock cycles per instruction (CPI) will vary so much.

The Ryzen R5 1600 and APU A10-7890K Quad-Core are not from the same family of CPUs, so their clock speeds are by no means directly comparable. Bear in mind, then, that while the APU A10-7890K Quad-Core has a 0.9 GHz faster frequency, this is not always an indicator that it will be superior in performance, despite frequency being crucial when trying to avoid GPU bottlenecking. In this case, however, the difference is probably a good indicator that the Ryzen R5 1600 is superior.

Aside from the clock rate, the next-most important CPU features for PC game performance are L2 and L3 cache size. Faster than RAM, the more cache available, the more data that can be stored for lightning-fast retrieval. L1 Cache is not usually an issue anymore for gaming, with most high-end CPUs eking out about the same L1 performance, and L2 is more important than L3 - but L3 is still important if you want to reach the highest levels of performance. Bear in mind that although it is better to have a larger cache, the larger it is, the higher the latency, so a balance has to be struck.

The Ryzen R5 1600 and the APU A10-7890K Quad-Core have the same L2 cache size, but the APU A10-7890K Quad-Core does not appear to have an L3 cache, so the Ryzen R5 1600 definitely wins out in this area.

The maximum Thermal Design Power is the power in Watts that the CPU will consume in the worst case scenario. The lithography is the semiconductor manufacturing technology being used to create the CPU - the smaller this is, the more transistors that can be fit into the CPU, and the closer the connections. For both the lithography and the TDP, it is the lower the better, because a lower number means a lower amount of power is necessary to run the CPU, and consequently a lower amount of heat is produced.

The Ryzen R5 1600 has a 30 Watt lower Maximum TDP than the APU A10-7890K Quad-Core, and was created with a 14 nm smaller manufacturing technology. What this means is the Ryzen R5 1600 will consume significantly less power and consequently produce less heat, enabling more prolonged computational tasks with fewer adverse effects. This will lower your yearly electricity bill significantly, as well as prevent you from having to invest in extra cooling mechanisms (unless you overclock).

The APU A10-7890K Quad-Core has an on-board GPU, which means that it will be capable of running basic graphics applications (i.e., games) without the need for a dedicated graphics card. The Ryzen R5 1600, however, does not, and you will probably have to look for a dedicated card if you wish to use it at all.

For in-depth GPU comparisons with the Radeon R7 7890K, click on the following GPU overview comparison icon (visible throughout Game-Debate), and choose a GPU from the list to compare against:

On-board GPUs tend to be fairly awful in comparison to dedicated cards from the likes of AMD or Nvidia, but as they are built into the CPU, they also tend to be cheaper and require far less power to run (this makes them a good choice for laptops). We would recommend a dedicated card for running the latest games, but integrated GPUs are improving all the time and casual gamers may find less recent games perform perfectly acceptably.

CPU Core Details

CPU CodenameZenGodavari
MoBo SocketSocket AM4Socket FM2+
Notebook CPUnono
Release Date11 Apr 201701 Mar 2016
CPU LinkGD LinkGD Link
Approved

CPU Technical Specifications

CPU Cores6vs4
CPU Threads12vs4
Clock Speed3.2 GHzvs4.1 GHz
Turbo Frequency3.6 GHzvs4.3 GHz
Max TDP65 Wvs95 W
Lithography14 nmvs28 nm
Bit Width64 Bitvs64 Bit
Max Temperature-vs72°C
Virtualization Technologynovsno
Comparison

CPU Cache and Memory

L1 Cache Size512 KBvs256 KB
L2 Cache Size4096 KBvs4096 KB
L3 Cache Size16 MBvs-
Memory Channels-vs2
ECC Memory Supportnovsno
Comparison

CPU Graphics

GraphicsRadeon R7 7890K
Base GPU Frequency-vs866 MHz
Max GPU Frequency-vs-
DirectX-vs11.2
Displays Supported-vs-
Comparison

CPU Package and Version Specifications

Package Size-vs-
Revision-vs-
PCIe Revision-vs-
PCIe Configurations-vs-

Gaming Performance Value

Performance Value

CPU Mini Review

Mini ReviewThe Ryzen R5 1600 is a high-end CPU based on AMD's 14nm, Zen microarchitecture. It offers 6 physical cores (12 logical), initially clocked at 3.2GHz, which may go up to 3.6GHz using Turbo Boost. It has an unlocked multiplier therefore it can be overclocked using traditional methods. It has 16MB of L3 Cache. Level 3 cache is a static memory bank of a processor and it is used to feed it instructions. This processor also supports DDR4 based RAMs with maximum memory support of 64GB. It has a maximum Thermal Power Design of 65W. It is on par with competitor processors. Among its many features, Simultaneous Multithreading, Cool n Quiet, CoolCore Technology, Extended Frequency Range (XFX), Pure Power and Precision Boost are enabled. It doesn't feature an integrated GPU. This CPU is likely to offer excellent computational performance and will not be the bottleneck in any modern gaming PC.APU A10-7890K Quad-Core is a Performance CPU based on the 28nm, Steamroller architecture.

It offers 4 Physical Cores (4 Logical), initially clocked at 4.1GHz, which may go up to 4.3GHz and 4MB of L2 Cache.
Among its many features, Turbo Core and Virtualization are activated and the processor has the clock multiplier unlocked, meaning it can be overclocked easily.

The processor integrates very powerful Graphics called Radeon R7 7890K, with 512 Shader Processing Units, clocked at 866MHz, which share the L2 Cache and system RAM with the processor.
Both the processor and integrated graphics have a rated board TDP of 95W.

It is a powerful Quad Core whose performance is good. It's thus capable of running most applications smoothly without any problem.