Select any two CPUs for comparison
VS

Gaming Performance Comparison

Recommended System Requirements
Game Ryzen 5 2500U 4-Core 2.0GHz Core i7-3612QM 4-Core 2.1GHz
Cyberpunk 2077 4% 10%
Assassins Creed: Valhalla 30% 47%
Call of Duty: Black Ops Cold War 7% 6%
FIFA 21 10% 2%
Microsoft Flight Simulator 9% 24%
Watch Dogs Legion 30% 47%
World of Warcraft: Shadowlands 50% 70%
Grand Theft Auto VI 59% 80%
Horizon: Zero Dawn 9% 24%
Genshin Impact 27% 17%

In terms of overall gaming performance, the AMD Ryzen 5 2500U 4-Core 2.0GHz is significantly better than the Intel Core i7-3612QM 4-Core 2.1GHz when it comes to running the latest games. This also means it will be less likely to bottleneck more powerful GPUs, allowing them to achieve more of their gaming performance potential.

The Ryzen 5 2500U was released over three years more recently than the Core i7-3612QM 4-Core, and so the Ryzen 5 2500U is likely to have far better levels of support, and will be much more optimized and ultimately superior to the Core i7-3612QM 4-Core when running the latest games.

Both CPUs exhibit very powerful performance, so it probably isn't worth upgrading from one to the other, as both are capable of running even the most demanding games at the highest settings (assuming they are accompanied by equivalently powerful GPUs).

The Ryzen 5 2500U and the Core i7-3612QM 4-Core both have 4 cores, which is not likely to be a limiting factor for gaming.

Both the AMD Ryzen 5 2500U 4-Core 2.0GHz and the Intel Core i7-3612QM 4-Core 2.1GHz have the same number of threads. Both the Ryzen 5 2500U and the Core i7-3612QM 4-Core use hyperthreading. The Ryzen 5 2500U has 2 logical threads per physical core and the Core i7-3612QM 4-Core has 2.

Multiple threads are useful for improving the performance of multi-threaded applications. Additional cores and their accompanying thread will always be beneficial for multi-threaded applications. Hyperthreading will be beneficial for applications optimized for it, but it may slow others down. For games, the number of threads is largely irrelevant, as long as you have at least 2 cores (preferably 4), and hyperthreading can sometimes even hit performance.

More important for gaming than the number of cores and threads is the clock rate. Problematically, unless the two CPUs are from the same family, this can only serve as a general guide and nothing like an exact comparison, because the clock cycles per instruction (CPI) will vary so much.

The Ryzen 5 2500U and Core i7-3612QM 4-Core are not from the same family of CPUs, so their clock speeds are by no means directly comparable. Bear in mind, then, that while the Core i7-3612QM 4-Core has a 0.1 GHz faster frequency, this is not always an indicator that it will be superior in performance, despite frequency being crucial when trying to avoid GPU bottlenecking. As such, we need to look elsewhere for more reliable comparisons.

Aside from the clock rate, the next-most important CPU features for PC game performance are L2 and L3 cache size. Faster than RAM, the more cache available, the more data that can be stored for lightning-fast retrieval. L1 Cache is not usually an issue anymore for gaming, with most high-end CPUs eking out about the same L1 performance, and L2 is more important than L3 - but L3 is still important if you want to reach the highest levels of performance. Bear in mind that although it is better to have a larger cache, the larger it is, the higher the latency, so a balance has to be struck.

The Ryzen 5 2500U has a 1024 KB bigger L2 cache than the Core i7-3612QM 4-Core, but on the other hand, it is the Core i7-3612QM 4-Core that has a 2 MB bigger L3 cache than the Ryzen 5 2500U. The L3 size of the Ryzen 5 2500U is probably low enough to greatly inhibit its gaming performance in comparison to the Core i7-3612QM 4-Core.

The maximum Thermal Design Power is the power in Watts that the CPU will consume in the worst case scenario. The lithography is the semiconductor manufacturing technology being used to create the CPU - the smaller this is, the more transistors that can be fit into the CPU, and the closer the connections. For both the lithography and the TDP, it is the lower the better, because a lower number means a lower amount of power is necessary to run the CPU, and consequently a lower amount of heat is produced.

The Ryzen 5 2500U has a 20 Watt lower Maximum TDP than the Core i7-3612QM 4-Core, and was created with a 8 nm smaller manufacturing technology. What this means is the Ryzen 5 2500U will consume slightly less power and consequently produce less heat, enabling more prolonged computational tasks with fewer adverse effects. This will lower your yearly electricity bill slightly, as well as prevent you from having to invest in extra cooling mechanisms (unless you overclock).

The Ryzen 5 2500U and the Core i7-3612QM 4-Core both have an on-board GPU, which means that they will be capable of running basic graphics applications (i.e., games) without the need for a dedicated graphics card.

For an in-depth GPU comparison, click on the GPU comparison icon that you can find throughout Game-Debate:

On-board GPUs tend to be fairly awful in comparison to dedicated cards from the likes of AMD or Nvidia, but as they are built into the CPU, they also tend to be cheaper and require far less power to run (this makes them a good choice for laptops). We would recommend a dedicated card for running the latest games, but integrated GPUs are improving all the time and casual gamers may find less recent games perform perfectly acceptably.

CPU Core Details

CPU CodenameZenIvy Bridge
MoBo SocketSocket AM4BGA 1224
Notebook CPUyesyes
Release Date10 Sep 201829 Apr 2012
CPU LinkGD LinkGD Link
Approved

CPU Technical Specifications

CPU Cores4vs4
CPU Threads8vs8
Clock Speed2 GHzvs2.1 GHz
Turbo Frequency3.6 GHzvs3.1 GHz
Max TDP15 Wvs35 W
Lithography14 nmvs22 nm
Bit Width64 Bitvs64 Bit
Max Temperature95°Cvs105°C
Virtualization Technologynovsno
Comparison

CPU Cache and Memory

L1 Cache Size384 KBvs256 KB
L2 Cache Size2048 KBvs1024 KB
L3 Cache Size4 MBvs6 MB
Max Memory Size-vs32 GB
Memory Channels-vs2
ECC Memory Supportnovsno
Comparison

CPU Graphics

GraphicsRadeon RX Vega 8Intel HD Graphics 4000 Mobile
Base GPU Frequency-vs650 MHz
Max GPU Frequency-vs1350 MHz
DirectX-vs11
Displays Supported-vs-
Comparison

CPU Package and Version Specifications

Package Size-vs-
Revision-vs-
PCIe Revision-vs-
PCIe Configurations-vs-

Gaming Performance Value

Performance Value

CPU Mini Review

Mini ReviewThe AMD Ryzen 5 2500U 4-Core 2.0GHz is a mid-range, low-power notebook APU based on AMD's 14nm Zen micro-architecture. It offers 4 physical cores (8 logical), clocked at 2.0 GHz base clock speed and up to 3.6 GHz boost clock speed. It has a locked multiplier and therefore cannot be overclocked using traditional methods. It has 4MB of L3 Cache. Level 3 cache is a static memory bank of a processor and it is used to feed it instructions. It also has 2MB L2 Cache and 384KB L1 Cache. This processor also supports DDR4 based RAMs with maximum memory support of 32GB. The AMD Ryzen 5 2500U 4-Core 2.0GHz has a default Thermal Power Design of 15W, making it a very power-efficient CPU that should provide lengthy laptop battery life. Among its many features are Cool n Quiet, CoolCore Technology, Extended Frequency Range (XFX), Pure Power and Precision Boost are enabled. It features an integrated Vega 8 GPU with 8 Execution units, 512 Shaders, and a maximum clock speed of 1100MHz. This is a low-end graphics chip that can run less demanding eSports titles at 900p screen resolution.Core i7-3612QM 4-Core 2.1GHz is an energy efficient mobile processor based on the 22nm, Ivy Bridge microarchitecture.

It offers 4 Physical Cores (8 Logical), initially clocked at 2.1GHz, which may go up to 3.1GHz and 6MB of L3 Cache.
Among its many features, HyperThreading, Turbo Boost and Virtualization are activated.

The processor integrates mildly powerful Integrated Graphics called Intel HD Graphics 4000, with 16 Execution Units, initially clocked at 650MHz and that go up to 1100MHz, in Turbo Mode which share the L2 Cache and system RAM with the processor.
Both the processor and integrated graphics have a rated board TDP of 35W.

Its performance is very good and sufficient for any of today's games.