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Gaming Performance Comparison

Recommended System Requirements
Game APU A12-9800 4-Core 3.8GHz Ryzen R5 1600
Cyberpunk 2077 35% 29%
Assassins Creed: Valhalla 82% 4%
Call of Duty: Black Ops Cold War 76% 7%
Genshin Impact 2% 46%
eFootball PES 2021 45% 23%
Marvel's Avengers 76% 7%
Watch Dogs Legion 82% 4%
FIFA 21 26% 33%
Mafia: Definitive Edition 45% 23%
Microsoft Flight Simulator 53% 19%

In terms of overall gaming performance, the AMD Ryzen R5 1600 is massively better than the AMD APU A12-9800 4-Core 3.8GHz when it comes to running the latest games. This also means it will be less likely to bottleneck more powerful GPUs, allowing them to achieve more of their gaming performance potential.

The APU A12-9800 4-Core was released less than a year after the Ryzen R5 1600, and so they are likely to have similar levels of support, and similarly optimized performance when running the latest games.

Both CPUs exhibit very powerful performance, so it probably isn't worth upgrading from one to the other, as both are capable of running even the most demanding games at the highest settings (assuming they are accompanied by equivalently powerful GPUs).

The Ryzen R5 1600 has 2 more cores than the APU A12-9800 4-Core. 6 cores is probably excessive if you mean to just run the latest games, as games are not yet able to harness this many cores. The cores in the APU A12-9800 4-Core is more than enough for gaming purposes.

The Ryzen R5 1600 has 8 more threads than the APU A12-9800 4-Core. The APU A12-9800 4-Core has one thread per physical core, whereas the Ryzen R5 1600 uses hyperthreading and has 2 logical threads per physical core.

Multiple threads are useful for improving the performance of multi-threaded applications. Additional cores and their accompanying thread will always be beneficial for multi-threaded applications. Hyperthreading will be beneficial for applications optimized for it, but it may slow others down. For games, the number of threads is largely irrelevant, as long as you have at least 2 cores (preferably 4), and hyperthreading can sometimes even hit performance.

More important for gaming than the number of cores and threads is the clock rate. Problematically, unless the two CPUs are from the same family, this can only serve as a general guide and nothing like an exact comparison, because the clock cycles per instruction (CPI) will vary so much.

The APU A12-9800 4-Core and Ryzen R5 1600 are not from the same family of CPUs, so their clock speeds are by no means directly comparable. Bear in mind, then, that while the APU A12-9800 4-Core has a 0.6 GHz faster frequency, this is not always an indicator that it will be superior in performance, despite frequency being crucial when trying to avoid GPU bottlenecking. In this case, however, the difference is enough that it possibly indicates the superiority of the Ryzen R5 1600.

Aside from the clock rate, the next-most important CPU features for PC game performance are L2 and L3 cache size. Faster than RAM, the more cache available, the more data that can be stored for lightning-fast retrieval. L1 Cache is not usually an issue anymore for gaming, with most high-end CPUs eking out about the same L1 performance, and L2 is more important than L3 - but L3 is still important if you want to reach the highest levels of performance. Bear in mind that although it is better to have a larger cache, the larger it is, the higher the latency, so a balance has to be struck.

The Ryzen R5 1600 has a 2048 KB bigger L2 cache than the APU A12-9800 4-Core, and although the APU A12-9800 4-Core does not appear to have an L3 cache, its larger L2 cache means that it wins out in this area.

The maximum Thermal Design Power is the power in Watts that the CPU will consume in the worst case scenario. The lithography is the semiconductor manufacturing technology being used to create the CPU - the smaller this is, the more transistors that can be fit into the CPU, and the closer the connections. For both the lithography and the TDP, it is the lower the better, because a lower number means a lower amount of power is necessary to run the CPU, and consequently a lower amount of heat is produced.

The APU A12-9800 4-Core has a 30 Watt lower Maximum TDP than the Ryzen R5 1600. However, the Ryzen R5 1600 was created with a 14 nm smaller manufacturing technology. Overall, by taking both into account, the APU A12-9800 4-Core is likely the CPU with the lower heat production and power requirements, but there really isn't much in it.

CPU Core Details

CPU CodenameBristol RidgeZen
MoBo SocketSocket AM4Socket AM4
Notebook CPUnono
Release Date27 Jul 201711 Apr 2017
CPU LinkGD LinkGD Link
Approved

CPU Technical Specifications

CPU Cores4vs6
CPU Threads4vs12
Clock Speed3.8 GHzvs3.2 GHz
Turbo Frequency4.2 GHzvs3.6 GHz
Max TDP35 Wvs65 W
Lithography28 nmvs14 nm
Bit Width64 Bitvs64 Bit
Max Temperature90°Cvs-
Virtualization Technologynovsno
Comparison

CPU Cache and Memory

L1 Cache Size320 KBvs512 KB
L2 Cache Size2048 KBvs4096 KB
L3 Cache Size-vs16 MB
Max Memory Size-vs-
Memory Channels-vs-
ECC Memory Supportnovsno
Comparison

CPU Graphics

Graphics
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Max GPU Frequency-vs-
DirectX-vs-
Displays Supported-vs-
Comparison

CPU Package and Version Specifications

Package Size-vs-
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Gaming Performance Value

Performance Value

CPU Mini Review

Mini ReviewThe AMD APU A12-9800 4-Core 3.8GHz is a budget APU based on AMD's 28nm Excavator microarchitecture. It offers 4 physical cores (4 logical) initially clocked at 3.8GHz, rising to 4.2GHz in boost mode. It has an unlocked multiplier and therefore can overclocked using traditional methods. It has 2MB of L2 Cache. This processor also supports DDR4 based RAMs with maximum memory support of 64GB. It has a maximum Thermal Power Design of 35W, making it a low-end, power-efficient CPU. Among its many features are Cool n Quiet, CoolCore Technology, Extended Frequency Range (XFX), Pure Power and Precision Boost are enabled. The APU APU A12-9800 4-Core 3.8GHz features integrated Radeon R7 3rd Gen GCN graphics with 512 Shaders and a maximum clock speed of 1,108MHz. This is a low-end graphics chip that will struggle to run any modern game at 720p.The Ryzen R5 1600 is a high-end CPU based on AMD's 14nm, Zen microarchitecture. It offers 6 physical cores (12 logical), initially clocked at 3.2GHz, which may go up to 3.6GHz using Turbo Boost. It has an unlocked multiplier therefore it can be overclocked using traditional methods. It has 16MB of L3 Cache. Level 3 cache is a static memory bank of a processor and it is used to feed it instructions. This processor also supports DDR4 based RAMs with maximum memory support of 64GB. It has a maximum Thermal Power Design of 65W. It is on par with competitor processors. Among its many features, Simultaneous Multithreading, Cool n Quiet, CoolCore Technology, Extended Frequency Range (XFX), Pure Power and Precision Boost are enabled. It doesn't feature an integrated GPU. This CPU is likely to offer excellent computational performance and will not be the bottleneck in any modern gaming PC.